Russia Bombed Four Syrian Hospitals. We Have Proof. | Visual Investigations

This is Russian radio traffic … … to an air force pilot on a
bombing mission over Syria. But these coordinates aren’t
for a military target. They point to this
underground hospital. Moments later,
the pilot bombs it. Nabad al Hayat is one of more
than 50 health care facilities bombed in Syria since April, as president Bashar al-Assad seeks to retake the last
pocket of opposition with a ferocious onslaught
of air power. Observers have long suspected
that Russia bombs hospitals. But no one has been able
to prove it — until now. The Times has assembled
a large body of evidence from multiple sources that directly
implicates Russia in four hospital attacks
in just 12 hours: one day that’s a microcosm of how health care has been
crippled in parts of Syria. We collected four main
types of evidence: First, flight logs. For years, a network
of plane spotters has tracked air force
activity over Syria to warn civilians
of incoming attacks. They record sightings
of fighter jets and listen in on open
radio communications between pilots and
air traffic controllers. We received months
of those flight logs, which tell us
where and when the Russian air force
was flying. Second, we obtained
thousands of recordings of those radio transmissions
as Russian pilots operate in the skies
above northwest Syria. We spent weeks translating and
deciphering their code words to understand how
they carry out airstrikes: A pilot receives
coordinates for a target. He confirms the
target is locked. The pilot calculates the
minute he will strike. The dispatcher gives
the green light. And the pilot reports back, saying, “Srabotal” —
“I worked it.” This gives us the
clearest picture yet of how and when
Russia bombed targets. Third, we analyzed hours
of videos of these strikes, which gave us clues about
the type of weapons used. We reviewed that
footage with experts on the Russian air force. And fourth, we established the
time these attacks happened by interviewing medics, obtaining incident reports and examining
social media postings. The times of the
attacks matched up with sightings
of Russian planes and recordings of pilots
carrying out strikes. Our detailed findings show
how Russia repeatedly violated one of the oldest laws of war. We’ll walk through
those attacks on May 5 to show how the
evidence stacks up. Let’s start with Nabad al Hayat, where local journalists were
warned it could be bombed and filmed the attack. First, the strike time. An incident report said
it was hit around 2:40 p.m. Second, flight logs: Spotters in the area
reported a Russian jet flying overhead just
minutes before the attack. Third, radio recordings: The Russian pilot and
air traffic controller are heard preparing
the attack minutes before 2:40 p.m. Those coordinates point directly
at the underground hospital, and at 2:40, the pilot confirms the strike. Fourth, analysis
of the strike itself: Three projectiles fall
in quick succession and very precisely, within around 100
feet of each other. They also appear to explode
after a slight delay once they penetrate
the ground. Military experts told us
these are the hallmarks of a precision strike, something the Syrian air force
is not currently capable of, only the Russians. Luckily, the hospital
was empty, because days before,
staff had received warnings from plane spotters
of possible attacks. It had in the past treated
hundreds of patients every month, but it remains
out of service today. Around three miles away, Doctors in Kafr Nabl
were treating patients that afternoon when
this single hospital was hit four times
in 18 minutes. We spoke to one
of its doctors. Again, the evidence from
5:30 p.m. points to Russia. Spotters reported both Russian
and Syrian jets flying overhead. Next, radio messages record
a Russian pilot making four strikes at that very time. At 5:30 p.m., the pilot says: At 5:35 p.m.: 5:40 p.m.: And 5:48 p.m.: Four strikes in all, each
around five minutes apart, at the exact time witnesses
reported the attack. And last, the weapon: Three precision strikes hit
the hospital’s entrance. Experts told us it’s highly unlikely
Syrian jets could do this. Because the hospital was
dug deep underground, only one person was
killed in the attack — though many were injured. The bombing didn’t stop there. Kafr Zita Cave Hospital
was hit at 3:15 p.m. The hospital director reported
it in a WhatsApp message to a colleague that day. Again, flight logs record a
Russian jet near Kafr Zita around that time, and at 3:15, a Russian pilot
confirms a strike. That night, Al Amal
Orthopedic Hospital was hit. Again, only Russian jets were
recorded flying in the area, and a Russian pilot confirms
the strike around 2 a.m. Health care facilities
have been attacked more than 600 times
in the course of Syria’s war. It’s a deliberate strategy to
make civilian life unbearable in opposition strongholds. In response to The Times, Russian officials
denied responsibility and said they carry out
precision strikes only on what they call “accurately researched targets.” But these hospitals
were on a no-strike list that Russia received
from the United Nations. And The Times confirmed
with medical groups that they were operational
on the day of the attacks. Russia and Syria should have
known they were off limits. By law, it’s their
responsibility to avoid hitting them. But this evidence paints
a damning portrait of a permanent member
of the U.N. Security Council committing gross violations in just one day of Russia’s
four-year air campaign in Syria. Hey, this is Malachy, and I lead the team who
worked on this video. We spent thousands of hours putting this
investigation together, and we knew we had
important new details to share when we got audio recordings
of a Russian pilot receiving the coordinates
for a hospital and then bombing it. The source of the audio
asked to remain anonymous for their safety. But the evidence they
provided was irrefutable. We do this work
to find the truth and hold people in power
to account. To support work like this,
keep watching and subscribe
to our channel. Thanks.

100 thoughts on “Russia Bombed Four Syrian Hospitals. We Have Proof. | Visual Investigations

  1. I'm one of the reporters on this investigation. We've been tracking hospital bombings in Syria since 2017, when in April and May, many health care facilities in this same area – Idlib province – were bombed (one every 29 hours according to UOSSM). International groups have told us that all red lines have been crossed in Syria, and healthcare has been deliberately targeted during the war. We spent months collecting evidence, talking to medical organizations who support these hospitals and to international organizations who also supported them. We also spoke to several experts in military systems and the Russian and Syrian Air Force, so that we could understand their capabilities and analyze the airstrikes and weapons used. We collected several data points corroborating the times of the attacks, including video metadata (file properties) that tell us the hour minute and second the video was recorded. We did shadow analysis, chronolocation and geolocation of videos. And critically, we obtained thousands of previously unheard audio recordings of Russian pilots talking to ground control during bombing missions. We translated and deciphered their codewords. The evidence was irrefutable: Russia bombed four facilities that were on a UN no-strike list. Under international law, even if there is suspicion that those locations are used by militants and should become a target (we found no evidence of this), Russia must provide warnings in order to evacuate the hospitals. It hasn't done so. Read more about the reporting steps we took in this Times Insider. And follow our Visual Investigations playlist for more forensic investigations like this (we've also reported on US airstrikes in Afghanistan and airstrikes in Yemen using US weapons). Thanks, Malachy

  2. So did Saddam have those WMDs that you said they had, and needed to be invaded? A million dead Iraqis later, and you are still up to your old ways? Shame on you NYT, and all who believe its propaganda.

  3. The United States military does it too!
    I've seen evidence that indicates that this regime purposely murders hundreds of Civilians just to get one individual as long as there is a slight chance that said individual is on site.
    U.S. , Russia , China, etc are all working together.

  4. @Malachy Browne
    The Syrian massacre is not only Russia, those killers and their terrorists are the same, what about Palestine, Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, Rohingya Burma, Kashmir, the Chinese occupation "Xinjiang Uyghur" how many millions they slaughtered ??

  5. Why under ground hospital?

  6. I would never believe in such stories because first, someone would have to give me a compelling argument for why would airforce bomb hospitals, second make me believe that airforce pilots would communicate using civilian unprotected radio frequencies.
    It all looks extremely fake and uncredible, but also very malicious lies.

  7. Putin is a criminal and has always been so. By all accounts he is the richest man in the world all stolen money from the Russian people. His only shown income is his salary as leader of Russia. The people of Russia could be better of than almost any country in the world, instead they are some of the poorest, old men and women living on beans and rice while Putin and his henchmen travel and vacation at their hundreds of vacation homes. When Putin came to power he divided up the country's wealth to those who would protect him. The Russian people are some of the greatest people in the world and they always have these thugs stealing everything they produce. I pray that someday Russian men can have the pride knowing what its like having the work they do go to them and their family God knows they deserve it they have put up with it for hundreds of years.

  8. US propaganda at its finest what world power in the right mind would blow up hospitals this is Hollywood at its best and Whitehouse coordinating

  9. Of course, the hospital you show at the start was unoccupied (4:14). Who warned you it could be bombed? Impressive that your hospital director can identify a Sukhoi 35 (6:01). It would be honest if you covered the illegality of US presence in Syria, not to mention US funding of jihadists there to overthrow a sovereign government–and all the pain and suffering that has caused. But your work is otherwise. Nice jab at the end–"permanent member of the security council". I can see where your handlers may want to take this.

  10. After HK protests in US media I can say: if NY Times says that Russians bomb hospitals then it means US bombs hospitals. Or nobody bombs hospitals. Or no any hospitals at all.

  11. I'm sorry to be skeptical, but mainstream media has a huge credibility problem, from serving as uncritical mouthpieces for the CIA and US State Department to clear but unadmitted bias. And even if you aren't dishonest, your dishonest colleagues raise doubts over your work. Surely the great NYT would never stoop to the level of ABC, busted using false video just two days ago:
    You would never do what German reporter Udo Ulfkotte reveals:

  12. If that's a hospital call me santa clause. Looks like a military bunker to me. No emergency vehicles, no flags or signs, I call BS

  13. When I was visiting Istanbul in August, I noticed that there were many many Syrian refugee children on the streets… They weren't beggars. They were too tired to ask for money, although I did give them Coca-Cola and juice. They just sat there staring blankly though… Most of them were 11 years old, but when I used my phone to ask a girl where they are from, using Google translate to Arabic, she made it obvious that she couldn't read. Google translate does have a vocal option so I turned that on. And then she mentioned the city of Homs.

  14. Report on Bush, Obama and Clinton war crimes as well. What message do we send to the world when we want to be the global police but we won’t prosecute our own war criminals

  15. Something is telling me, that this is out of context, And nobody believes anything that comes from the USA right now.
    And bravo on the ABC news distractions. Class act

  16. ('}[`-|-`]{') 'L'u♈🚾`]■[`♿🌚his🌚 NYT accent Ir¡sh ¤¿¤ 💨 ⚽️ [🚼] 🌫🌬💨🔴 –– 🌈 I-_I 🌕 known 🔵 •🧩•im cannot translate Joyce's Finnegan's Wake from English FOR ORIGINAL GAELIC

  17. Russia is a permanent member of the UN Security Council (UNSC), which is charged with the duty of authorising the implementation of the responsibility to protect (r2p) principle whenever a state is unable or unwilling to protect its population from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. As a permanent member Russia also has veto power, and thus can veto any UN resolution calling for the implementation of r2p to protect defenceless populations against the specified four crimes.

    That Russia occupies such a position, while committing the very crimes that r2p is designed to prevent, highlights not only the bankruptcy of the UN, but exposes the immoral values upon which the international community is based.

    P.S. first class journalism from the investigators and producers of the video

  18. I find it funny that Americans think the have the moral high ground to report on any war crimes after killing over 1 million people in the middle east in the time since 9/11

  19. I've seen many videos with Bashar al-Assad in which he is asked about his massacre of his own peoples. He of course denies by stating that the west and its meddling is trying to fulfil its agenda. What i find interesting is that many people from the WEST actually support such arguments and are against their very own way of life by not considering that if they lived in regimes such as Putin's Russia and Bashar's Syria they would not be so happy…

  20. The United Nations needs to open a formal investigation on this issue and undertake all due measures against Russia. This is humanely unacceptable.

  21. 3:29 – Why was the audio recording cut when the coordinates for the actual location of the strike were transmitted (3:41)?
    You can hear the ground control say 'write down these coordinates', then the narrator cuts in. Then the pilot can be heard cofirming a strike. But a strike where?

  22. American anti russian propagnada…. Why Don't you report on the proven US funding of extremists groups in Syria. Or American killing of civilians

  23. Did the NY Times find any Iraqi WMD's in the investigation? Any injured ISIS fighters being medically treated in Israel? What excellent reporting.

  24. Not a great place to put a hospital… Why didnt they mark it woth a higs red cross they have clearly mistaken it for a military base

  25. total the opening scene a perfectly framed video of an underground hospital being bombed…. they were obviously waiting for the bombs to fall, they knew it was being hit… that is not proof Russia hit it, that's proof this whole thing is set up to incriminate Russia.

  26. What do you think is going to happen? NOTHING. This is a war zone. Turkey is playing games in the area. And the U.N.? Utterly worthless!!!! The U.N. cannot or will do anything to stop the insanity there. So the world wants to see how ugly war can be? The Russians know how to deliver WAR. Here we are now with America pulling out of the area and people are crying just as much about it as they were when America was an evil invader being there. Now that we are leaving everything is going to heck and people are getting stupid everywhere. Russia knows the middle East only understands brutality. As an America allow me to ponder the irony as we Americans did better keeping the peace before Obama and the Socialists of Europe and America screwed EVERYTHING up with Communist China wheedling their part in this play too. But where is the U.N.? If only I could show a picture of scared people hiding in an underground shelter…

  27. Your supremacist Sunni brothers blown up Al Kindi hospital, best in middle east for treatment of cancer with truck bomb and executed 20 Syrian soldiers captured after that.

  28. not showing the white helmets in clips will give you more credibility but yes it is quite believable that hospitals are bombed . do you remember the last hospital in aleppo was just bombed, the mainstream media has done itself no favours on the believability front, even if what you say now is the truth..

  29. What a bunch of propaganda, the Syrian people love russia like anything. These so called hospitals or al Qaeda camps have every right to be bombed. Down with the terrorists and their western masters.

  30. How do we (by that I mean me) Verify whether or not this is just Anti Russian Propaganda? and I am not saying that it is, but how should we know the difference? I mean there is no shortage of propaganda out there and its not uncommon for one group (any group) to build a structure and call it something else to deceive their enemy (and even the world). Anyway, So I ask, how can us ordinary people tell the difference? Are we to just "Have Faith"? I mean, we've been lied to by the media for so long I don't know who or what to trust anymore. <*Later Edit*> After watching the whole thing it is certainly a convincing peace of work. But again, its so very hard to know what to trust. Its not like large media organizations are incapable of staging parts of this, stitching together other parts of that and presenting an extremely convincing case. Man its a tough time we live in if one cares about truth. If by some chance you guys are telling the truth (not just what you believe), but actual truth, then Kudos for a great report!

  31. 4:05 Also the Americans, a bunch other country's but also some Explosives and a little bit of after effects knowledge. Sorry, i challenge everything. Absolutely not taking a side. I truly dont mean to offend anyone with my comments. Im so confused by all the conspiracy's and propaganda to the points I just dont know what to believe. I mean, isnt it a good thing to be Skeptical?

  32. This is real, investigative journalism at it's absolute finest. If we had journalists such as this as a common thing we'd be a great nation once more.

  33. This is the reason why Syrians prefer to take their chances as refugees over staying in their country. Great investigative work subscriped

  34. AMERICA!!!

    The US has admitted carrying out an attack in eastern Syria that killed dozens of Syrian forces fighting so-called Islamic State (IS).
    The US-led coalition said the mistake on 17 September was intended to target IS positions. Coalition aircraft from the UK, US, Denmark and Australia were involved in the attack near Deir al-Zour. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has maintained that the deadly airstrikes were intentional.

    U.S.forces are using white phosphorus munitions in their fight against the Islamic State based on pictures and videos posted online by the Pentagon, but it is unclear exactly how the controversial armament is being employed. White phosphorus shells are intended to make smoke screens or signals for advancing troops. When launched against soldiers and civilians, however, the munition can cause severe burn wounds that can be dangerous for medical personnel treating the injured

    US airstrikes on a Syrian village have killed at least 73 civilians, a majority of them women and children, activists say, in the deadliest coalition attack on non-combatants since the start of the bombing campaign against the Islamic State

    BAGHDAD, The American-led military coalition in Iraq said Friday that it was investigating reports that scores of civilians-perhaps as many as 200, residents said-had been killed in recent American airstrikes in Mosul, the northern Iraqi city at the center of an offensive to drive out the Islamic State

    (Washington, DC), The use of artillery-delivered white phosphorus by the United States-led coalition fighting Islamic State (also known as ISIS) forces in Syria and Iraq raises serious questions about the protection of civilians, Human Rights Watch said today. This multipurpose munition should never be used as an incendiary weapon to attack personnel or materiel in populated areas, even when delivered from the ground.No matter how white phosphorus is used, it poses a high risk of horrific and long-lasting harm in crowded cities like Raqqa and Mosul and any other areas with concentrations of civilians, said Steve Goose, arms director at Human Rights Watch. US-led forces should take all feasible precautions to minimize civilian harm when using white phosphorus in Iraq and Syria.

    suspected US air strike on a school being used as a shelter by families displaced from the Isil-held Syrian city of Raqqa killed at least 33 people on Tuesday, in the latest high civilian casualty raid by the coalition. A coalition raid on a mosque outside the city of Aleppo last Thursday evening left as many as 46 dead, making it the deadliest for civilians alleged against the coalition since it began its campaign against Isil two years ago.

    BAGHDAD, Investigations conducted during the month of March reveal that U.S-led coalition airstrikes targeting the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria killed 45 civilians, mostly in and around the Iraqi city of Mosul, according to a Pentagon statement released Sunday.The report did not include findings from an ongoing investigation into a March 17 strike targeting Islamic State group fighters in Mosul. That strike resulted in more than 100 civilian deaths, according to reports from residents. Last month, the U.S. acknowledged coalition planes conducted a strike at the location corresponding to allegations of civilian casualties, but did not confirm the reports of high civilian casualties.

    At least 173 civilians have been killed so far this month in the Syrian city of Raqqa, in air and ground operations against the Islamic State group, the UN's top human rights chief says. Last month, the UN said coalition airstrikes in Raqqa had lead to a staggering loss of civilian life with 300 reported dead from strikes since March.

    Civilians were killed on Thursday when US-led airstrikes targeted Syria's northern city of Raqqa with white phosphorus, pro-government Sham FM radio reported. The unprecedented airstrikes targeted the neighborhoods of Mashlab, Haret al-Bado, and Rmaileh, said the report.The use of incendiary weapons against civilians was banned by signatory countries in the 1980 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons Protocol III. Activists from Raqqa posted footages purporting to show the US-led attack, showing the skies of Raqqa lit by a rainfall of glowing rockets hitting the city.

    The commanding general in the war against the Islamic State is ignoring mounting evidence that the coalition campaign has killed hundreds of innocents.The monitoring group Airwars currently assesses that 1,700 or more civilians have likely been killed by U.S.-led air and artillery strikes in Raqqa governorate since March. A minimum of 860 civilians, including 150 children, are credibly reported to have been killed in Raqqa since the official start of operations to capture the city on June 6.

    Indiscriminate air strikes and shelling by the US-led coalition during its assault on the Islamic State stronghold of Raqqa killed hundreds of civilians and may amount to war crimes, Amnesty International said on Tuesday. Many residents trapped in the city were killed in their homes or other places of refuge under a constant barrage of air bombardment and artillery strikes during the campaign against IS's de facto Syrian capital between June and October last year, Amnesty reported.

    The US-led coalition denied on Sunday that it targeted civilians in a recent deadly raid in eastern Syria, insisting instead that it had fired on an Islamic State group command post. Air strikes on Thursday and Friday on the village of Sousa killed 41 civilians, 10 of them children, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.The Britain-based monitor blamed the coalition, which is backing an offensive launched last month by a Kurdish-Arab alliance against IS’s last redoubt in the country’s east.

    US-led coalition purportedly fighting the Daesh Takfiri terrorist group has used white phosphorus in a bombing raid against an area in Syria’s eastern province of Dayr al-Zawr. US-led military aircraft carried out a bombing attack on al-Souq al-Jadeed commercial district in the town of Hajin, located some 110 kilometers east of the provincial capital city of Dayr al-Zawr, on Monday afternoon, using the internationally-banned chemical agent.

    US-led jets also launched a cluster bomb raid on al-Shaafah town in the same Syrian district.Cluster bombs are banned under the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM), an international treaty that addresses the humanitarian consequences and unacceptable harm caused to civilians by cluster munitions through a categorical prohibition and a framework for action. On Tuesday, the Syrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates condemned the recent airstrike by the US-led coalition against the eastern town of al-Shaafah, which left more than 60 people killed and injured, arguing that the massacre clearly points to the fact that members of the military alliance have no respect for moral values, international rules and regulations besides the lives of innocent civilians.

    US-led military aircraft conducted a bombing attack with white phosphorus munitions on the farmlands of the town of Baghouz in the volatile province.The US-led coalition and the so-called Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), which is supported by Washington, claim that they are fighting against the Daesh militants in the Arab country and that Baghouz.The US-led coalition has been conducting airstrikes against what are said to be Daesh targets inside Syria since September 2014 without any authorization from the Damascus government or a UN mandate.

    United States dramatically underestimated the number of civilians killed in the U.S.-led coalition’s assault on the self-proclaimed capital of the Islamic State two years ago, according to the research of two leading human rights groups.The U.S. military estimated in February that it unintentionally killed 1,257 civilians in the fighting, which began in 2014. But Donatella Rovera, the Amnesty researcher who led the investigation, estimated that the real number was about 10 times higher. She described the level of destruction in Raqqa as unparalleled in modern times.

  35. إجرام روسيا 🇷🇺 ظاهر وواضح ولا يحتاج لأدلة يحتاج للمحاسبة ووقف الانتهاكات بحق المدنيين

  36. Underground hospital? WTF? Article 18 of Geneva Conventions says:
    >Civilian hospitals shall be marked by means of the emblem provided for in Article 38 of the Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field of August 12, 1949, but only if so authorized by the State. The Parties to the conflict shall, in so far as military considerations permit, take the necessary steps to make thedistinctive emblems indicating civilian hospitals clearly visible to the enemy land, air and naval forces in order to obviate the possibility of any hostile action.
    Anybody have seen red cross or red crescent here?

  37. This isn't exactly news when double tap strikes (bomb an area, wait for aid workers, bomb it again) are already widely used by militaries, including the US':

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