Learn the signs of stroke from an OHSU expert


[MUSIC PLAYING] HELMI LUTSEP: A stroke is due
to a blockage of a blood vessel that then means that
the blood flow isn’t able to get to the brain. And the brain doesn’t get
the nutrition that it needs. And then the part of the brain
that’s affected loses function. Signs of a stroke
include the sudden onset of neurologic symptoms. So sudden weakness on
one side of the body. Sudden numbness. Sudden loss of vision
or double vision. Sudden loss of balance. And these might come alone or
they might come in a group. So it’s also
important to know how to tell if someone else
might be having a stroke. And we use something
called act FAST. So we focus on the fast part– F-A-S-T. F stands for face. So you have someone smile, and
see if one side’s drooping. A stands for arms. Have them put out an arm, see
if it’s falling to the ground. And S for speech. Have them repeat a sentence. See whether the words
might be slurred or they’re using
incorrect words. And then T is time. You’re supposed to call 911 if
you think any of those symptoms is present. Or somebody may be
having a stroke. Risk factors for stroke include
a number of different factors. The biggest risk is
actually high blood pressure and treating that or
stopping smoking– either one can have
the risk of stroke. Others include diabetes, high
cholesterol, excessive alcohol use. And then on top of that,
sometimes heart disease, which is something called
atrial fibrillation– irregular heart rhythm– is a risk. And lack of exercise is an
independent stroke risk factor. The OHSU Brain
Institute Stroke Center is unique because we were the
first comprehensive stroke center in the Pacific Northwest. This is a designation that
you receive from a commission because we’re able to provide
care 24/7, for the most complex stroke cases. And we are the only such
institute in Oregon.

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