Flu Season with Mayo Clinic’s Dr. Haga

mark all right I would like to welcome back dr. Claire hey guy with the Mayo Clinic and it is flu season so I wanted to bring you back on to share your expertise and educate all the families out there because when it comes to the flu there is a lot of things that let’s just say we don’t know so for starters what exactly is the flu so the flu is short for influenza it’s a respiratory virus that is very contagious in terms of symptoms I think that’s also a common question typically presents with fevers chills you can have congestion or runny nose sore throat cough those are generally a couple and then how is that different than than the common cold so the common cold is generally also caused by viruses the influenza is a specific type of virus that typically comes and it’s very abrupt it tends to be more severe than your general common cold and also more likely to have the fever and chills associated with it as well all right so now we always talk about getting the flu shot does it work doesn’t it work so for starters do you recommend getting the flu shot absolutely I recommend it for really essentially everybody six months and older there are certain populations of people that are more vulnerable and so we do put a stronger emphasis of those people as well but it is indicated for anybody and then when you talk about there’s different strains of the flu every year right so the flu shots effective I believe what like thirty percent of all who’s out there so what happens if you get a different part of the flu and the vaccination doesn’t cover that is it still helping out is it hedging the bed a little bit absolutely so in terms of the flu there’s about a hundred different subtypes or lineages of the influenza virus and we select for so over the entire year clinicians and researchers send flu specimens to the World Health Organization they select the full four most common types that they think are going to be prevalent this season if it’s not the perfect at least it should help decrease the severity or the duration of the flu because you’re building up antibodies to a virus that’s very similar and when it comes to flu season it seems like it’s really long so when do you get the shot you get it is it better to get it earlier or do they change up the vaccination so if you get it late October it’s a different dose what do you recommend well you’d recommend getting it now so it comes out every September typically our ideas to have everybody vaccinated by the end of October so flu season peeks at different times every year generally peaking between December and March but it can because early as October as late as May but it’s still the same vaccine each season it’s the same and it stays there okay that doesn’t change now one thing that’s happening this year that they took off the shelves that’s the nasal spray correct and I know my kids love that because obviously you’d rather have something up your nose than a shot if you’re a little bit right so that’s back because before they deemed it not being effective right so it’s been on the market for a number of years it was taken off in the past couple of years when I compared it to the flu shot it really wasn’t as effective but it is back this year so certainly check with your provider if you’re capable of getting it briefly it’s ages 2 to 49 and really we don’t recommend it for people with weakened immune systems or chronic conditions like diabetes or asthma so certainly a question that’s good for your provider that makes a lot of sense now when it comes let’s say other than the vaccinations what else can we do to prevent the flu because I feel like if somebody gets in a house it just spreads absolutely so biggest things that you can do hand-washing absolutely if you have symptom water use it if you don’t have access to that an alcohol-based hand sanitizer is very good also important to teach your children to call for sneeze into of the arm so it’s less likely to be on the hands and and when you touch up children in it now that’s really good that’s a good types of prevention obviously is really important to do the other thing is why is it important to diagnose so for example if you’re not feeling well why do you have to go to the doctor to be diagnosed with the flu certainly so the flu can be a clinical diagnosis we also have a test that can help us it’s a swab that we’re able to do and send for analysis if you’re present within that first two days really within the first twenty or forty eight hours excuse me you can be a candidate for an antiviral medication something like Tamiflu that can actually decrease the severity or the duration of the the illness so other than that really just rust a lot of water right there hydrated yeah and that’s about it so the hammer flu could help to reduce some of the symptoms get you on your feet faster but exactly and then if you do get it we do recommend staying home from work or school for at least 24 hours after your fever has gone away without the use of things like ibuprofen or acetaminophen alright well thank you so much a lot of great information we will put this on our website riverside alive tv.com stick around more to come

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