Easy Ergonomics for Caregivers Part 1


every day in Oregon caregivers are being injured. Did you
know workers in long-term care are injured at rates higher than workers in
some of our heaviest industries? Industries such as mining and
construction. How many of you know a coworker who has been injured on the job? By providing you with this training, your
employer is demonstrating their commitment to your safety. Please feel free to pause the video, take
notes, and practice what we have shown. The majority of the injuries are
musculoskeletal disorders. These are caused by wear and tear on the
joints and soft tissues, due to overuse. Examples include muscle strain
tendinitis and bursitis. Caring for others is hard work. Everyday
tasks have the potential for injury. But there are simple inexpensive and no
cost methods you can do to reduce the likelihood that you will
be hurt. We’ll review some basic economic risk factors and practical
solutions. Today’s training will focus on several effective ways you can reduce
your risk it being injured. The word ergonomics sounds complicated. But it’s really just about learning ways
to work that put less stress on your body. Understanding a few simple ergonomic
concepts will help you do your job and make your
day injury and create good habits that will stay with you for the rest of
your life. Let’s review the risk factors that we will be looking at today. Force is the amount of physical exertion
or efforts needed to perform a task. How much force is needed and how long it
is sustained are important factors that contribute to
injuries. Examples of tasks that may require excessive force are lifting are transferring a heavy
resident or stopping a resident from falling. Posture: Repeated bending, twisting or reaching can contribute to
injuries of the neck, shoulder, and back. Your back functions
best when it is allowed to stay in its
natural “S” curve. The muscles that support the back are meant for balance not lifting. Large
muscles like those in your legs and hips are better suited for lifting. Bending
while lifting puts great stress on the muscles discs
and ligaments of the lower back. One of the most damaging activities is
to bend, reach out with your arms and hands, lift and then twist while straightening up. An
example of this would be performing a stand-pivot-transfer and twisting your body instead of moving
your feet. Repetition: Repetition is performing the same motion
over and over again for example multiple resident transfers
in one shift would be considered repetition. The more frequent or sustained
the task, the more the task will contribute to
fatigue and potential injury. Duration: Duration refers to the amount
of time you are exposed to a risk factor. The longer the duration the
higher the risk. For example, standing for a long period
of time in one place or bending over to assist a resident with
shoes or dressing. Let’s look at some of the everyday tasks
caregivers perform. It seems innocent enough to bend forward
when pushing a wheelchair. But notice how this temple activity
places you in an awkward position, with your neck and back bent. No matter
what you are pushing you will experience less strain if you
stand erect with your arms close to your sides. Never pull a cart or wheelchair behind you. Pushing is more efficient and safer. A
simple and often overlooked element in reducing
the pushing force required to push any cart or wheelchair is the wheels.
Regular cleaning and maintenance at the wheels and castors is critical to reducing the force you
will need to use get close to your work you use left force went at third and
within easy reach watch while this caregiver put the way a
box on the top shelf now watch how much closer he can keep
the low to his body at the uses a simple step stool to
prevent overstretching by keeping your elbows as close to your
site is possible and you’re back in a neutral position your muscles can work more efficiently a cat that all care staff are familiar
with is a 15-year resident from bad for como tu wheelchair what did you notice about this transfer you should never attempt this kind of
transfer now watch well this caregiver did they pay that
transfer from the bed to the wheelchair what with the placement at the residence
arms what with the position the caregivers
back within what injuries might happen to the
caregiver in order to prevent injuries we need to keep the back as
straight as possible knees bent let your legs to the work check that the brakes on the wheelchair are set and that the cheers as close as
possible tell the president what you were going to deal make sure the pathway for the assist it clear obstacles if the wheelchair has
removable arms remove them while the best practice it to you they transfer about when
assisting a resident sometimes one is not available in this situation good technique is very
important observe how this caregiver brings a
resident to the edge of the bed and has the resident leave forward with
a gentle rocking motion to bring a resident to a standing position the caregivers knees are bent and their
back is as straight as possible watch how the caregiver pits with their feet to turn where were
the residents arms did you notice how they talk to the
residents for the resident with able to participate in the office here the caregivers using an inexpensive
walking our gate now to assist with the transfer noticed the handles on the bell they
provide for better grip and allow the caregiver
to keep his body and better alignment built with handle like this one can also
reduce the rent that you will bruise the president when
gripping the bell when using a transfer about feature and it never placed over more
than one layer of clothing and that the belt its mad what other
best practices the caregiver use did you see how he
blocked the residents be to keep the resident from slipping the
bell can also be used for a 15-year resident with walking one casa injuries among caregivers is attempting to catch a president who
begins to fall stopping a phone is a sure way to get
hurt and cause additional injury to the
resident observe how the caregiver if able to keep their arms close to their
body if the resident did start to fall the
caregiver guide the resident down gently it is not uncommon for a caregiver to
assist the residents with phone in the bathroom your first in 15 it to bend over and try
to lift the resident out what is inevitably and offered location the location may
even make it difficult for two caregivers to work together it easy to place yourself in an awkward
posture infection enclosed space plan ahead for
the pacific situation develop a Paul K any clean empty bucket store that packet with a garden-style
knee pad a clean towel and a large slip sheet
chance lighter for other low friction device and
inexpensive low friction be by can be made from AP 59 on fabric for
infection control reasons make sure all the items in your kid can
be claimed are laundered you think the pad from the
cat cameo on why you make sure the president not hear you the injured if possible refrain from bending over
the president instead water Neil after the resident
has been at best and it has been confirmed that the resin
is not seriously injured watches the caregiver places but he
under the resident and YouTube account to the poor protect the head if needed if you’re a
facility had and uses mechanical lift people had support thing can be used and
and initiate using the knee pad one kneeling on the
floor they found infection control procedure and reduce the pressure on you need now
that he is in play the caregivers can pull the residents
into a more open area where they can work together and perform two person in criminalist at
fifteen a resident first to a close step stool then to gradually increasing
height if your facility uses mechanical lift the live can then be brought in and the
resident can be picked up with the mechanical it lifting

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