Doctor Breaks Down Medical Science in THE INCREDIBLE HULK movie | Doctor Reacts

Hello, and welcome to Sick Notes! My name’s Ed Hope.
I’m a Junior Doctor in the UK. And to celebrate the release of Avengers: Endgame, I’m gonna be revisiting
a bunch of the medical science from all the films from the MCU. We did Iron Man last time,
the very first one. And now, next up… often forgotten about… It’s The Incredible Hulk. So we see Bruce Banner here trying to do some research, trying for figure out
how he can cure himself from the Hulk. And we see him take some blood here… and BAM! Under the microscope
we see some erythrocytes. So, some red blood cells in there. We know they’re red blood cells because we see their biconcave disc shapes. It’s basically a squashed doughnut. And we see the experiment isn’t going very well, because these red blood cells sort of… swell up and turn green tinsel.
Very Hulky! That’s not a medical term. This one’s not really a “Hulk origin” story, but the idea is that
he was exposed to gamma radiation. (Don’t know) quite why they were firing that at him! I don’t know what they expected. Gamma radiation is electromagnetic waves. We have visible light,
and we have ultraviolet light. Then we have x-rays,
then we have gamma rays. So it’s the shortest wavelength
of electromagnetic wave. Gamma rays are actually
part of the background radiation that our bodies are exposed to all the time. They normally just travel through us. In small doses don’t give us a problem. But if we get exposed to a significant amount… So, why Bruce Banner did in the lab? Then, it can actually damage our cells as we through what we call Acute Radiation Syndrome, or radiation poisoning. The radiation damages your DNA, so your ability to make new cells properly. And we get symptoms
in the brain, in the gut, and also in the bone marrow. So, where your cells of your blood are made. If you don’t die of radiation poisoning, in the long term,
because you got this damage to the DNA, you’re more likely to create abnormal cells, which can turn cancerous. So you get increased risk of cancer with significant radiation exposure. So there is some kind of theory behind Hulk. He’s had this damage to the DNA
from the gamma radiation and loads of energy given to him as well. that he’s kind of stored up in itself somehow. I mean, it’s sound
from a science fiction point of view, but don’t try this at home. You’ll just get acute radiation sickness
and probably die. -Target’s on the move. Ok, so we see this commando group, headed up by Tim Roth here, that’s on the lookout for Bruce. And we see this a lot
in action movies, actually. They’re using tranquilizer darts, but these have a problem in reality. For a start, the drugs wouldn’t work
that quickly. So, if you shoot someone with it,
they’re still not gonna be immobilized for… maybe a couple of minutes. So the target would still be
a threat to you. Also, the dosage of these drugs is very varied. So, one drug
that won’t knock someone out at all, might actually render someone
completely unconscious. Maybe even kill them. So that’s why you wouldn’t know
which dose basically to fire at someone either. -You’ll get two separate infusions: -One into the deep muscle,
one into the bone marrow centers. -Bone ones are gonna hurt. So, they say they gotta do
an infusion into the deep muscle, but then they give him the injection
into the neck. Not a good place to try and find muscles. Or, it looks like they’ve gone
for the sternocleidomastoid muscle. So, originates just below the ear
and connects to the collarbone. But that’s a very small muscle group
compared to other muscles in the body. So, we’d normally go for something like the deltoid, as you know whenever you’ve had
your immunizations done. And they use a really long needle as well. So, probably they’ve way overshot the muscle. Probably gone into some of the soft tissues
of the throat. Ok, so we see here
they’re injecting the serum into the bone marrow of one of the vertebra in the back. So one of the bones of the back. To remind you, the bone marrow is
where all the cells of the blood are created. It’s actually the central part of the bone. They’re quite an active thing! You think they’re just for stability,
but they’re actually a very important part of creating blood cells in your body. The vertebra, so the bones in the back are a really significant part of the bone marrow of the body, but so too are the pelvis, so… and that’s slightly more accessible. So we’d probably use any kind of biopsies or anything we need to do with the bone marrow would actually go by the pelvis rather than the vertebra. So, Tim Roth’s initial injection of the serum didn’t help him too much
at this entanglement with The Hulk. So he ends up in the hospital. -Will he ever walk again? -Most of the bones in his body
look like crashed gravel right now. So we hear he’s had multiple broken bones. And we see this external fixation. So these metal rods that go through the bones
to keep them in place, and they’re connected to an external frame
to make sure they heal in the best possible place. We saw a very similar scene to this
in my review of Doctor Strange. And they also go in some nice detail here. They show a tracheostomy or tracheotomy. So there’s probably been significant trauma
to the throat, causing it to swell. Meaning, we have to put a tube
directly into the windpipe to make sure
we can get air in and out of the lungs. -We have begun. -The dialysis machine will mix the antidote
with your blood, -so they antidote will only take hold… So basically, Mr Green, The Hulk,
meets out with Mr Blue to help try and treat the condition, to try and get rid of The Hulk. And we find out they’re using a dialysis machine. So this is what we call a form of
renal replacement therapy. So when people’s kidneys no longer work, we have to do the job of the kidneys. One of them is cleaning the blood, so we have to have a machine
that actually process the blood and cleans it, and puts it back into the patient. So that’s why they say
they’re using a dialysis machine here. Why the drug needs to be mixed
with a dialysis machine rather than just put straight into the body? I’m not too sure… They seem to know what they’re doing. So there you have it! My thoughts on the medical science behind Hulk. If you enjoyed this,
I did a video on Iron Man before, and a video on Doctor Strange.
You can check that out. And I’m gonna continue to work
through the MCU. As I’ve said, I’ve already done
all the films in the phase one. So… subscribe and you’ll be notified
as soon as I release them. A few thank yous!
To my mate Callum, big Marvel fan who sent me a bunch of ideas for this video. He’s got a channel as well,
which I’ll link to you below. He does visual essays,
including stuff about Marvel. And a big thank you
to a few of my doctor colleagues that helped me watch these films
and we threw ideas around as well: Doctor Tom, Doctor James, Doctor Jake. I really appreciate it.
Thank you guys! And… as always, to the real superheroes, you guys, for being part of this channel! Thank you so much!
I appreciate it so much! And I’ll see you soon!

5 thoughts on “Doctor Breaks Down Medical Science in THE INCREDIBLE HULK movie | Doctor Reacts

  1. Part 2 of my look at medical scenes from the MCU, this time The Incredible Hulk! Not as many scenes popped up in this one, but hope you enjoy what I did find. I'll be back with Iron Man 2 tomorrow…

  2. I guess tranq darts would work for a nonlethal takedown if you're a- not finishing with it and b- prepared for a prolonged fight? As it would still make the target drowsy?

  3. I'm curious about the dialysis machine. Would it be as efficient as the actual kidneys? If not, do you know how much better kidneys are?

  4. The hulk had DNA from multiple different animals injected in him as a child, waaay before he was exposed to gamma radiation.

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