6 Medical Specialties with the Biggest Potential in the Future – The Medical Futurist

Artificial intelligence diagnoses tumors. Patients are taking charge of their health with wearable sensors. Virtual reality makes it possible to treat patients a continent away. These disruptive technologies are changing healthcare completely. Here are the top six medical
specialties that will thrive thanks to technology. This is Bertalan Meskó and
you’re watching the channel of The Medical Futurist. It seems inevitable that medical robots, automation and artificial intelligence will replace many jobs in
healthcare. Surgical robots become increasingly precise each day. Man-sized robots can lift and move patients and transport them throughout the hospital. It only takes the Xenex robot 10 minutes to disinfect the patient room with
the UV light. Silicon Valley investor Vinod Khosla once said: Technology would replace 80% of doctors because machines will be more accurate, objective and
cheaper than the average doctor. He added that we eventually we wouldn’t need doctors at all. I disagree. Instead, technology in some specialties
will finally allow doctors to focus on what makes them good physicians. Treating patients and innovating while automation does the repetitive part of the work. Here are the top six medical specialties that will benefit from technological
revolution. General practitioner Many doctors choose this specialty today
because they have a chance to make a long-term impact on someone’s life. And it’s true that GPs enjoy tremendous trust from their patients, but seeing someone only when they are sick, makes i t hard to prevent disease and ensure someone’s well-being. It’s even harder to do this when waiting rooms are
overflowing and you only have 15 minutes to diagnose illness, design therapy and
offer health advice. Wearable sensors and devices that stream data to a doctor’s smartphone, notifying them whenever vital signs are
acting up, will provide them with all the data they need, whenever they have to
provide care. These will also ensure doctors only treat those who really need professional care, making it possible to offer simple treatment advice remotely. In turn this will increase the time GPs have to treat and advise each patient, building trust and ensuring patients act on a doctor’s advice. What’s more, smart algorithms will ensure that a GP can tap expert advice of the
disease, and act as a gatekeeper to other specialties. Obstetrics and gynecology OB/GYN physicians today have a very limited window of time for assessing the status and health of a baby, or a pregnant mother. Wearable devices that
monitor the mother’s and child’s vital signs will ensure that in case of
emergency delivering care will not depend on the mother’s luck. Though a very controversial area, genome sequencing from the mother’s blood and genome editing methods like CRISPR might well make it possible for OB/GYNs to
correct any genetic conditions in utero. Radiology IBM’s Medical Sieve shows
artificial intelligence algorithms can scan hundreds of radiology images in
seconds. Doing the repetitive job of finding malignant or out-of-place phenomena, that radiologists have to do daily. This won’t replace this important specialty
instead physicians will have time to supervise how the algorithm is doing, or
research and innovation that can make technology behind devices even better. Their future will be much more exciting than checking hundreds of x-rays a day. Ophthalmology This specialty will bring science-fiction technologies to patients in the near future. Retinal implants might give vision back to those who lost it, or grant humans supervision, augmenting what we can do. Digital contact lenses could transform both how we look at the world and diabetes care. Sports medicine and rehabilitation The fist swarm of activity records all focused on
people who exercise regularly but only provided basic insight into how they were performing. Now, a new generation of devices tailored to
professional athletes is hitting the market like GymWatch and Wahoo. With detailed insight into movement patterns and force output in any movement sports medicine physicians will have concrete data to measure how athletes are
improving. By the time these reach mainstream adoption sophisticated algorithms will be ready to analyze data from these devices and provide
personalized suggestions to improve performance and speed up recovery. Video consoles from Xbox to Microsoft Kinect offer a way of monitoring how the
patient is doing from a distance by seeing their progress literally on-screen. Oncology This specialty will pave the way for personalized medicine. Even now oncologists customize therapies to a patient’s genetic background, and their tumor’s molecular makeup. Cheaper genome sequencing and measuring blood biomarkers are speeding up this process. With companies like Grail, working on
fluid biopsies which could filter tumor cells from blood samples, tumors could
soon be diagnosed earlier and analyzed without costly surgery. What’s more, artificial intelligence could soon be used to help oncologists understand and
cure cancer. IBM Watson obtains all relevant information from millions of studies about a patient’s case and make suggestions of other treatment plans
most likely to work. In the meantime patients are better informed about the
disease thanks to social media communities of fellow patients such as Smartpatients.com. These signs all point to a bright future for oncology. All in all many jobs will be taken over by robots and automation in the coming
years but amazing opportunities will also emerge especially in medicine if only physicians can acquire new skills and improve their existing ones. Many specialties will have more time for patients and better insight into disease. It’s up to each of us to hone our skills and make ourselves irreplaceable in this brave, disruptive new world of healthcare. Thank you. Keep watching my videos to learn more about the future of medicine and
stay up-to-date about the upcoming trends by reading my blog. medicalfuturist.com

26 thoughts on “6 Medical Specialties with the Biggest Potential in the Future – The Medical Futurist

  1. Amazing video once again sir. I'm excited to see what our future holds. Especially with the crossing of medicine and artificial intelligence.

  2. I don't like the term AI since it implies intelligence, an algorithm is just that, an algorithm, no matter how "smart" it may seem. I wonder how would radiology benefit from this technology? Radiologists exist because doctors needed someone that was an expert at reading and interpreting different imaging modalities, which is what the vast majority of radiologists (diagnostic and interventional) still do. So what would be the role of the future radiologist? Supervising a machine that's making him redundant?
    The money-hungry idiot programmers and CEOs at IBM said it clearly, "Watson doesn't need to be better that a physician, it only needs to be just as good"
    As someone who is considering the speciality, I find it really naive and borderline stupid of doctors to shrug this off as anything but the demise of radiology.

  3. thankyou for this informative video. how do you forecast medical advancement in the third world nations?

  4. I absolutely hate the idea of human replacement. I thank you for saying all of this. I thank you for acknowledging the use of tools as to extend human ability and not replace it. again, thank you!

  5. The miracle of embryonic development is mentioned in Holy Quran in such minute detail 1400 years ago, much of which was unknown to scientists until only recently. It mentions the first stages of life after conception, the second stage of life after conception
    In the Holy book, God speaks:

    “We created man from an extract of clay. Then We made him as a drop in a place of settlement, firmly fixed. Then We made the drop into an alaqah (leech, suspended thing, and blood clot), then We made the alaqah into a mudghah (chewed substance)…” (Quran 23:12-14)

  6. your channel is so fascinating.you should have a million subscribers.I want to work in the advancement of healthcare.what should i study in college,if i want to work developing the new technologies you are covering in your channel?

  7. anything that has to do with neurology with go through the ROOF! neurology discovery is the fastest right now out of any field. So neurology, neurosurgery, pm&r, ophthalmology will be the most exciting fields in the coming years.

  8. Yaaaaaas oncology, my future!!!!! By the way I totally agree with you. Adding a few stuff I don't think robots are going to be more accurate, after all they're made by us! Humans. Personally I wouldn't like a robot to treat me… Anyways great video, thanks!

  9. @Anita Khokhar Wonderful message indeed. TEchnology can alleviate the discomfort of making an accurate diagnosis and prescribing the right treatment.Ordinary doctors –burdened with an MBBS and MD but not researching and skill-updating –shall be replaced by machines!Excellent!

  10. The Music is so loud I needed the subtitles to know what you were saying.
    The combination of Loud Music and a Low Soft Voice is not a good one.

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